The Korea Society Of Educational Studies In Mathematics

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Journal of Educational Research in Mathematics - Vol. 31, No. 1

[ Article ]
Journal of Educational Research in Mathematics - Vol. 31, No. 1, pp.1-15
Abbreviation: JERM
ISSN: 2288-7733 (Print) 2288-8357 (Online)
Print publication date 28 Feb 2021
Received 22 Oct 2020 Revised 05 Feb 2021 Accepted 05 Feb 2021

Reconsidering Newton’s Intuition Related to the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus
Park, SunYong*
*Professor, Yeungnam University, South Korea (

Funding Information ▼


The purpose of this study is to refute an argument in Kang (2019) and offer alternative views concerning the analysis of the historical genesis of the fundamental theorem of calculus. Kang (2019) indicated that Newton might have gained insight into the fundamental theorem of calculus using the area increments intuition based on strict distinctions of dimensions. In response, this study seeks to show that Newton addressed his method by focusing on the mean and instantaneous rate of area change rather than the area increments as in the analytic geometry characteristic that breaks the principle of homogeneity. The results of this study also show that the area increments intuition remains pertinent to implicitly recognizing the existence of average height.

Keywords: fundamental theorem of calculus, instantaneous ratio of change, intuition, average height, mean ratio of change


이 연구는 2020년도 영남대학교 학술연구조성비에 의한 것임.

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